By Kevin Kelleher, contributor
FORTUNE -- Earlier this year, I wrote that the sluggish tech IPO market in the first quarter of the year (four companies raising $221 million) presaged a bleak year for tech offerings in 2013. Boy, was I wrong about that. Others argued that economic concerns were temporarily holding back IPO candidates and that a bumper crop of them would emerge in the second half of the year, and this is indeed what has happened.
According to Renaissance Capital, 165 companies have gone public on U.S. markets, an increase of 45% over the same period in 2012. We still have 11 weeks to go in 2013, and the year is shaping up to be the busiest for IPOs since at least 2007, when 213 companies went public.
Nearly a fifth of those IPOs are tech companies -- most with software-based business models and all debuting with valuations below $3 billion. None of them are exactly household names like the upcoming Twitter IPO or past giants like Facebook (FB), Groupon (GRPN), or Zynga (ZNGA). But those better-known stocks are showing growth -- especially from their mobile business -- that are drawing interest into many of the new tech listings.
The IPO class of 2013 is largely comprised of small or mid-sized companies. The biggest among them raised relatively modest amounts. Tableau Software (DATA), a data-visualization software company, raised $254 million in May. CDW (CDW), a reseller of IT products to small businesses and others, raised $429.5 million in June. And FireEye (FEYE), a network-security company, raised $304 million last month.
Compare those to some of the biggest IPOs of the year in other industries, like Pfizer (PFE) spinoff Zoetis (ZTS) or energy company Antero Resources (AR), which raised $2.2 billion or $1.6 billion, respectively. Or Facebook's $16 billion in proceeds, the third-largest of any U.S. IPO.
The debut of Tableau seems to mark a key turning point for IPOs this year. Tableau originally filed to sell 7.2 million shares between $23 and $26 and ended up offering 8.2 million shares at $31 a share. The stock has since risen 115% over the past five months.
Before Tableau, according to Renaissance, seven tech companies had ventured out into the public market in 2013. All of them are trading below their offering price, as much as 39% down in the case of revenue-management software company Model N (MODN). The only pre-Tableau IPO to perform well in the market is Rally Software (RALY), a cloud software company that has seen it stock rise 108% since its offering.
Since Tableau, 22 tech companies have gone public. Of those, all but three have seen their stock prices rise. Another four have seen their stock prices more than double: ecommerce platform ChannelAdvisor (ECOM), project management software maker Textura (TXTR), ad-network Rocketfuel and FireEye.
There are a few reasons for that overall strong aftermarket performance. One is that Tableau, a financially healthy and growing company, showed that a mid-sized tech deal could receive a warm welcome amid the economic uncertainty that plagued the first half of the year. The other is that Facebook and other listed web companies reporting second-quarter earnings showed that software and Internet shares are entering a period of mobile-driven growth.
Another reason may be that tech IPOs have historically enjoyed a honeymoon period when their stocks rise for several weeks before sinking down slowly (12 of the 30 tech IPOs this year have debuted since early August). For example, Benefitfocus (BNFT), a cloud-based enterprise software company, went public at $26.50 a share last month, then rose as high as $55.87 a share in its first week of trading before falling as low as $37.32 last week.
Similarly, Control4 (CTRL), a maker of home-automation software, debuted at $16 a share in early August and surged to $24 in a matter of days. It has since fallen as low as $15.53 a share last week. Still others, like CDW and video-ad network Tremor Video (TRMR) are faring well in the public market but only after lowering their offering prices from the original range.
That honeymoon period can be misleading. According to the Wall Street Journal, tech IPOs as a group are seeing their strongest first-month performances this year since the dot-com days (although the first-month pops back then were much bigger than they are now). Even more worrisome from a historical perspective, two-thirds of the tech IPOs in 2013 lost money in the previous 12 months.
We are still nowhere near the regrettable and blind investing in tech IPOs that drove the dot-com bubble. The real picture is more complex. We are neither in the IPO drought that some (including me) wrongly predicted. We are seeing instead a steady flow of smaller companies with promising businesses, but too often with no profits to show. There are some sound investments to be made in tech IPOs, the trick is separating them from the flashes in the pan.
Update: An earlier version of this story said the CDW raised $395 million in its IPO. It raised $429.5 million.
A Q&A with Rick Smolan, one of the creators of The Human Face of Big Data, a look at what all the information in the world says about us.
By Ryan Bradley, senior editor
FORTUNE -- A photographer for Time, Life, and National Geographic, Rick Smolan says he relishes taking on the impossible. Decades ago he decided to try and capture life on the Australian continent in a day -- so MORESep 13, 2012 12:53 PM ET
Time is still money in the world of high finance. But dollars are now measured in milliseconds.
By Andrew Blum, contributor
FORTUNE -- When, in 1924, the Western Union Telegraph Co. went looking for land for a new headquarters in lower Manhattan, it had strict requirements: The building had to be close not only to the New York Stock Exchange and the commodities exchanges but also to the company's existing operations MOREJul 16, 2012 5:00 AM ET
So much data - so little space. A big fight is brewing over who gets the best parts.
By Tara Moore, reporter
We all know that our use of mobile data and video is exploding. But not everyone understands that the bandwidth needed to operate that technology is limited -- and at risk of overload. The radio spectrum is a fixed range of frequencies, controlled by the federal government (which owns 59%). MOREJul 27, 2011 5:00 AM ET
In theory, it sounds like a no-brainer. In practice, such a government-run registry could do more harm than good.
The Internet is an awesome free-for-all of services and content. It's also a terrifying space, one where bits of information about who you are and what you're doing continually float around like cyber flotsam and jetsam, only to be picked apart by outside parties for their own devices. As a result, privacy MOREJP Mangalindan, Writer - Aug 24, 2010 2:19 PM ET
Companies are dealing with much more data than they were twenty years ago, so why are they still storing it the same way?
By Charlie Silver
Based on some estimates, our current growth pace of data is setting mankind on a course to produce nearly 10 trillion gigabytes - or 10 "Zettabytes" - of data by 2015, enough to store over one quintillion pages of text or almost 70 trillion MOREJun 15, 2010 3:27 PM ET
A departing designer claims data too often trumps art. Image: Google Sketchup logo
On his way out of Google, Douglas Bowman has posted a blog missive that might haunt the company one day. Bowman, the (now former) visual design lead, accuses the company's culture of relying too much on numbers, to the point where creativity suffers.
"Yes, it's true that a team at Google couldn't decide between two blues, so they're testing MOREJon Fortt - Mar 20, 2009 8:30 PM ET
Investors hoped a high-flying debut from Rackspace would reignite the IPO market. No such luck.
Rackspace took the IPO plunge Friday and fell flat on its face, which will only make other startups more hesitant to follow its lead.
The web-hosting company had planned to offer 15 million shares at between $12 and $16 per share in a modified Dutch auction, but hopes ran even higher. Scott Sweet of IPO Boutique told MOREJon Fortt - Aug 8, 2008 5:13 PM ET
Google vice president Marissa Mayer says Google News might not make money on its own, but it drives $100 million worth of search. Image: Google
HALF MOON BAY, Calif. - Google News is free and has zero ads. So what's it worth to Google? About $100 million.
That's the figure Google (GOOG) vice president Marissa Mayer, who heads search products and user experience, threw out during a Tuesday lunch session at Fortune's MOREJon Fortt - Jul 22, 2008 6:20 PM ET
By Scott Martin
Novatel's big miss (NVTL) offers a glimpse of how slumping tech spending can pinch a weak player.
The wireless modem maker warned Monday that first-quarter sales came in below its target. Revenue was $91 million, or 9% below its previous forecast. Novatel will release its disclose its full earnings for the quarter on May 1.
Novatel blamed a product glitch for delays in its supplies of USB devices to a MOREsmoritz - Apr 15, 2008 11:16 AM ET
|2 million Facebook, Gmail and Twitter passwords stolen in massive hack|
|Ron Paul: Bitcoin could 'destroy the dollar'|
|Pentagon to cut jobs, contracts by $1 billion|
|A new normal for government retirees|
|Top 10 U.S. cities for Chinese homebuyers|